Acheté au Cap françois isles S. Domingues au mois d’avril 1789. 21 les 3 vol.

(HILLIARD D’AUBERTEUIL, M.R.) Considérations sur l’État présent de la colonie Française de Saint-Domingue. Ouvrage Politique et Législatif; Présenté au Ministre de la Marine, Par Mr. H.D. A Paris, Chez Grangé, 1776-1777. With one folding table, title vignette, head- and tail pieces. Two volumes. – (Together with:) (DUBUISSON, P.-U.) Nouvelles Considérations sur Saint-Domingue, en réponse à celles de M.H.D, Par M. D.B***. Première Partie [- Seconde Partie.] A Paris, Chez Cellot & Jombert, 1780. With two folding tables. Two parts in one volume. Together two works in 3 volumes. xvi, 327, [1] pp.; [4], iv, 368 pp; [4], 178, [2, privilege] pp; [4], 164 pp. 8vo. Contemporary marbled calf, spines richly gilt with raised bands, red edges, contrasting labels with gilt lettering, expert repairs to a few spine ends.

€ 2800

First work: Kress 7216; INED 2271; JFBL H180; Echeverria & Wilkie 776/19; Sabin 31897; Hogg 1798; Chadenat 1370; Leclerc 1388; Muller 527 (first volume only); not in Goldsmiths; not in Einaudi; Peignot, ii, p. 107. Scarce first edition, suppressed by Arrêt du Conseil d’État, 17 décembre 1777 for containing severe criticism on the administration of the colony. Full of valuable economic information on Saint-Domingue, this scathing attack on French colonial administration was confiscated and the printer punished’ (JFBL). ‘The author advocates free trade between Santo Domingo and the British North American colonies’ (Echeverria & Wilkie). At the end of volume two the author announces a third volume which, however, was never published. The work proposes various reforms in the administration of the colony, favours mariages, also among the black people and the mulattos, discusses slavery, the customes and moeurs of the creoles, mulattos and black people, and aims at a new and better form of running the colony. This was written when the colony reached a peak in its development. The Ministry of Navy was severly displeased with the publication and hence its suppression. Hilliard became known in colonial circles for his fiery temperament, his provocative rhetoric and radical critiques of the establihed order. He was a supporter of the American revolution and was a correspondent of Franklin and Jefferson. ‘Considérations sur le commerce, l’agriculture, l’administration, l’esclavage et la population. Hilliard veut peupler par tous les moyens cette colonie, dont le climat se montre, par ailleurs, favorable à la population; il est indispensable d’encourager les mariages, ou, à défaut, une sorte de concubinage légitime; ces idées valent également pour les Nègres, dont il faut encourager la natalité, et par conséquent adoucir le sort’ (INED). ‘Cet ouvrage donne un état très exact de la colonie de Saint-Domingue au moment de son plus grand développement. Il contient aussi des renseignements très curieux sur les moeurs et coutumes des créoles, mulâtres et nègres’ (Chadenat). ‘ – Very rare on the market as the work was confiscated and destroyed upon publication. Second work: Conlon 80:1009; INED 1489; Sabin 21038; not found in Echeverria & Wilkie, Leclerc, Muller, JFBL, Monaghan, Chadenat, Hogg, Kress, Goldsmiths’ or Einaudi. Very rare first edition of this critical analysis of Hilliard d’Auberteuil’s important work. Dubuisson, who travelled extensively in the Americas and wrote several books on the American colonies, here presents a demographic and economic review of the colony. In presenting this review he discusses and criticizes the work by Hilliard, a work which was condamned for its scathing attack on colonial administration. Dubuisson discusses population, the French colonists, the position of mulattos and black people, discusses slavery (the pages 67-86 deal with slavery), etc. Dubuisson was a playwright and historian, active in various capacities in France, Belgium and America, and was denounced by Robespierre as responsible for sowing discord among the Jacobins, tried by the revolutionary tribunal and executed on March 24, 1794 at the age of 48. – Errata for both parts on p. 164. A contemporary handwritten note on recto of the rear blank of volume 1 states that these three volumes were bought together, in April 1789, at Cap François, Saint-Domingue: “acheté au Cap françois isles S. Domingues au mois d’avril 1789. 21 les 3 vol” ! Verso front free blank more or less repeats this: ” 3 vol. y compris les N considérations en Réponse acheté au Cap St. Domingues 1789.”